It is everyone’s
dream to build a house within our budget in our lifetime. Usually very few
house owners consult an architect before buying a site. A feeling of urgency is
always created and a feeling of losing a great opportunity if that particular
site is not bought looms large and the decision will be normally quick. It is
always better to take time in decision-making than to buy in haste and repent
later. Hire the services of an architect.
The process of constructing a house, after a suitable site has been found
involves four main aspects: conceptualization of
design, planning the work, giving the contract, and the actual construction.
the most important part in the process of constructing a house. Architects
abroad spend more time for the design and planning of a residence than what is
required for construction. Arriving at a theme of design involves prolonged
interaction with an architect or a professional. The requirements, lifestyles,
aspirations, concerns and resources are expressed to the designer with which a
relevant concept of design is evolved. Meetings with the client would enable
the architect evolve an appropriate concept of design. Once the concept is
accepted, the final drawings are made. From them, the plan for approval,
estimation and bill of quantities are prepared.
The second aspect is the planning of the construction
in terms of the economic factors as well as scheduling of the time. This
involves budgeting of the construction according to a fixed budget or providing
necessary money to build the visualisation of the
architect. The money involved must synchronize with the schedule of the
construction. The construction time table must also provide the time necessary
to ensure good quality of construction.
The third aspect of tendering the work involves
identifying the right agency to construct the residence depending on the skill
and the experience required for the nature of the construction and seeking a
quotation for the work according to the drawings and specifications. Since
building a house is a huge investment, it is quite natural for the owner to
look for the most reasonable offer. The offers are negotiated and the contract
awarded to a deserving contractor.
Construction is the last phase of the process.
All resources, building materials and money are to be kept ready. The architect
and the house owner should spend enough time to make sure that the design as
visualized is getting built. Supervision of the work is recommended to make
sure that the progress of the work is satisfactory.
A house is made of various parts such as the living room, dining hall, kitchen,
bedrooms and toilet. The essential parts needed for one family is different
from another depending on the size of the family, the frequency of guests,
frequency of social occasions, etc. determines the size of the house. A concept
is evolved and the areas in the house are interestingly sequenced keeping in
mind the efficiency and privacy the clients demand.
Lifestyle of the family plays a major role in design. The conservative families
may need privacy for certain areas which are probably not insisted by the
liberal ones. Hence the sequence of rooms is determined by the areas where the
outsider is allowed and areas which are private.
The location of the site, its shape, natural features and surroundings
influence design. A corner site will have the luxury of uninterrupted
ventilation and view on two sides where as a site in between two will have view
on one side only. The shape of the site determines the form of the building
which will optimise the use of the land.
Many a times cost-saving techniques lead to unique character of design. The
will to restrict the use of costly elements of a house, replacing them with
inexpensive and sometimes completely radical solutions, drives the design
concept. On the other hand, the freedom of a big budget encourages a designer
to use appropriate material and technology to get the desired outcome.
Social concerns like the use of eco-friendly materials in construction and
limited use of cement and wood will lead to designing a residence without
conventional materials. Locally available materials, skills and technology
influence design. With the material available in abundance, its nature known,
it is easier to design and accomplish good quality of work in the shortest
The cost of civil work involves amount spend on the basic structure of
construction like the foundation, RCC columns, walls (bricks, stone, clay blocks,
etc.), lintels, sunshades, beams, roof, plaster, weather-proof, etc.
The nature of the soil decides the structural design of the building.
Accordingly decide between RCC framed structure and load bearing structure. An
RCC structure is used because of the complexity of architectural design. Once
the structure is determined, the cost can easily be calculated.
Climate of the place also influence the design. The houses in the costal areas
demand continuous draft of air without which one perspires. This becomes a
primary consideration of design. The designer's preferences and allegiance to
an established philosophy of architecture also influence the planning.
The plan of a house is normally finalized by the client, after a couple of interactions
with the architect and two or three revisions in the design. Once the plan is
accepted, the client would want to know how the exterior view of the house
looks. An attractive composition of the elevation is prepared conforming to the
concept of design.